Journal of Business and Management
ISSN: 1535-668X

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Manuscript Guidelines


All manuscripts must:

  1. Be double-spaced throughout (including references).
  2. Footnote is not allowed. Any footnote making a specific point should be integrated in the relevant context of the paper body.
  3. Not to exceed 12,000 words including everything (references, tables, figures, and appendices). Occasionally, a longer manuscript may be considered.
  4. Provide, but do not count, a cover page with each author's name, position,email and place of employment, and a clear abstract of essential information of up to 100 words.
  5. Not have authors names or other identifying information placed on the manuscript itself, as all manuscripts are peer-reviewed with a blind reviewing system.
  6. Allow final formatting by the editorial office. Paper body and tables must be in MS-Word format. Figures should be drawn by MS-Word, Excel, PowerPoint, or Visio.
  7. Refer to and place all tables and figures near the relevant context in the paper body.
  8. Create a structured abstract of up to 500 words containing the following 8 sections:
    (1) Purposes,
    (2) Methods,
    (3) Findings,
    (4) Limitations,
    (5) Contributions to literature,
    (6) Practical implications,
    (7) Social implications,
    (8) Originality.
  9. Include at the end of the title page a section of "JBM Author Declaration Statements." Click here to see the examples of the five statements.

Writing Guidelines

When writing

  • Manuscripts must be prepared carefully, such that ideas flow coherently and writing is clear and concise. Avoid jargon, acronyms, and sexist terminology.
  • Use headings and subheadings to structure the content. Article titles and headings in the articles should be as short as possible.
  • Use tables sparingly, include only essential data, and combine tables wherever possible. Authors should submit no more than three tables and/or three figures with each manuscript.
  • The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th edition) serves as the style manual for JBM. Authors are encouraged to reduce bias in language against persons on the basis of gender, sexual orientation, racial or ethnic group, disability, or age by referring to the guidelines in the fifth edition of the APA manual.
Reference Formatting Guidelines - American Psychological Association (APA)

Reference Formatting Guidelines for Journal of Business and Management

Paper Organization

  1. Structured abstract should contain the following suggested sections (click here for the writing guidelines from Emerald Publishing):
    1. Purposes
    2. Methods
    3. Findings
    4. Limitations
    5. Contributions to literature
    6. Practical implications
    7. Social implications
    8. Originality
  2. Introduction (identifies current status, research gaps, the importance, research questions, research purposes).
  3. Theoretical background (if your research is based on one or more theories, explain it in detail).
  4. Research model (identifies variables and their relationships based on observations and/or theories).
  5. Literature review (reviews prior studies in SSCI journals relevant to the research model and research questions).
  6. Research method (explains data sources, unit of analysis, choices of methods, research design, analytic procedure, etc.; adoption of multiple methods is encouraged).
  7. Data analyses (for qualitative study, coding process and triangulations are required; for review study, a synthesized diagram and a comparative summary are encouraged; for survey study, evaluates data representativeness, common method bias, non-response bias, reliabilities, and validities before testing any hypothesis).
  8. Results and discussion (discusses the findings based on the outcomes of analyses).
  9. Conclusions and recommendations (synthesizes the findings to draw conclusions and recommend actions to the readers accordingly).
  10. Contributions and implications (explains the contributions to the extant body of knowledge and the social, policy, managerial, practical implications).
  11. Limitations and future research (acknowledges the weaknesses of the study and what lies ahead for further studies).
  12. References (each reference must have complete informatin and use APA styles to format; make sure all references are cited in the paper body).
  13. Appendices (use the title APPENDIX for single appendix, APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, etc. for multiple appendices).

Important Copyright Submission Note

  • Authors who use lengthy quotations or adapt tables and figures from another source must secure written permission to do so from the copyrighted source. Manuscripts that include copyrighted material will not be accepted for publication in JBM until the author provides the editor with written permission from the copyright holder.
  • Never submit material that is under consideration by another journal or that has been previously published.

Submitting Your Manuscript

There are no fees to submit a manuscript for reviews; only the paper accepted for publication needs to pay the article processing charge (see APC for details). Please submit all manuscripts electronically via GEBRC JMS. Manuscripts will be acknowledged by the system with email imediately. Please make sure to click the submit button to complete the submission process. For any submission questions, please contact:

Eldon Y. Li, Ph.D.
Editor, Journal of Business and Management
National Chung Cheng University
Department of Information Management
College of Management
No.168, Sec.1, University Rd, Minhsiung
Chiayi 621301


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